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Lithuania

Overview

The number of software development businesses has grown by 7.2% per year on average between 2017 to 2022 in Lithuania, the largest economy of the three Baltic states. The country has a high standard of living and is recognized for ease of doing business, as well as economic freedom. A streamlined Startup Visa is available to non-EU entrepreneurs and the capital Vilnius has become a fintech hub.

Talent Pool & Education

Lithuania has nurtured a robust software developer talent pool through strategic investments in education and a supportive environment for the IT sector. The country's education system produces skilled professionals in computer science and information technology, aligning with industry needs. High English proficiency further enhances Lithuania's appeal for international collaborations and outsourcing. Cities like Vilnius have evolved into thriving tech hubs, hosting events and meetups that foster networking and skill enhancement.

The Lithuanian government actively supports the technology sector, offering incentives such as funding for startups and tax benefits to attract foreign investment. The country's focus on becoming a fintech hub has shaped the skill development of software developers, contributing to a specialized talent pool in financial technology. The adaptation to remote work culture has expanded opportunities for Lithuanian developers to collaborate with international teams. Additionally, the overall quality of life in Lithuania serves as an attractive factor for retaining local talent and attracting professionals globally.

Language

The official language of Lithuania is Lithuanian, which is a Baltic language and one of the oldest languages in the Indo-European language family. Lithuanian has preserved many archaic features that have disappeared in other Indo-European languages.

In terms of English proficiency, Lithuania generally has a high level of English proficiency compared to many other non-native English-speaking countries. English is widely taught in schools, and many Lithuanians, especially the younger population and those working in urban areas, are fluent in English. The country's education system places an emphasis on language learning, contributing to the overall proficiency in English.

In major cities, particularly in the business and academic sectors, English is commonly used as a second language. This proficiency is an asset for Lithuania in the global business environment, as it facilitates communication with international partners and attracts foreign investment.

Economic Outlook

Lithuania's economy, with a population of around 2.8 million, has exhibited steady growth and resilience, driven by a diverse mix of industries. As a member of the European Union, the country has benefited from increased trade opportunities and access to funding.

The technology sector in Lithuania, particularly in Vilnius, the capital, has been on the rise. The government has actively fostered a conducive environment for startups and technology companies, offering incentives and support programs.

The fintech sector, in particular, has flourished, attracting foreign investment and making Lithuania a favorable destination for companies seeking a European base. The country's commitment to innovation is evident in its growing startup ecosystem, with a focus on information technology, fintech, and biotech. Despite these positive developments, Lithuania faces challenges such as emigration, demographic issues, and the need for continued economic diversification.

The government has worked to create an attractive investment climate, emphasizing skilled labor, infrastructure, and a strategic location within the EU. Ongoing efforts are essential to address challenges and ensure inclusive economic development. 

Political Conditions

Lithuania, a parliamentary democracy, has maintained stable political conditions characterized by democratic governance and a commitment to European integration. The government structure includes a President as the head of state, a Prime Minister as the head of government, and a unicameral legislature called the Seimas. Since joining the European Union in 2004, Lithuania has benefited from economic advantages and engaged in collaborative efforts with European and transatlantic partners. Additionally, the country is a member of NATO, emphasizing its commitment to security and defense cooperation.

Lithuania's foreign policy is marked by active participation in international organizations and contributions to peacekeeping missions. Economic policies focus on reforms to promote growth, with pro-business initiatives and efforts to attract foreign investment. The political landscape features a multi-party system, often leading to coalition governments due to the absence of a single party securing a parliamentary majority.

Overall, Lithuania exhibits a commitment to the rule of law, democratic institutions, and periodic elections.